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1935 (MCMXXXV)was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1935th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 935th year of the 2nd millennium, the 35th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1930s decade.
- January – Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia creates a military school at Holeta.
- January 1 – The Italian colonies of Tripoli and Cyrenaica are joined together as Libya.
- January 3 – The trial of Bruno Richard Hauptmann, accused of the kidnapping and murder of Charles Lindbergh, Jr., begins in Flemington, New Jersey.
- January 4 – Dry Tortugas National Park is established in the Florida Keys.
- January 7 – Italian premier Benito Mussolini and French Foreign Minister Pierre Laval conclude an agreement, in which each power agrees not to oppose the other's colonial claims.
- January 11 – Amelia Earhart becomes the first person to fly solo from Hawaii to California.
- January 13 – A plebiscite in the Territory of the Saar Basin shows that 90.3% of those voting wish to join Germany.
- January 16 – The FBI kills the Barker Gang, including Ma Barker, in a shootout.
- January 19 – Coopers Inc. sells the world's first men's briefs, as "jockeys", in Chicago.
- January 24 – The first canned beer is sold in Richmond, Virginia, United States, by Gottfried Krueger Brewing Company.
- January 28 – Iceland legalizes abortion on medical grounds.
- April 1 – The North American NA-16, prototype of the North American T-6 Texan or Harvard flying trainer, flies for the first time.
- April 14 – Dust Bowl: The great dust storm in the United States hits eastern New Mexico and Colorado, and western Oklahoma the hardest (it will be made famous by Woody Guthrie, in his "dust bowl ballads").
- April 15 – The Roerich Pact, a Pan-American treaty on the protection of cultural artefacts, is signed in Washington D.C.
- April 16 – Fibber McGee and Molly debuts on NBC Radio, in the United States.
- April 17 – Sun Myung Moon, a teenage Presbyterian convert in Korea under Japanese rule, claims to have a revelation from Jesus, telling him to complete his mission from almost 2,000 years ago.
- April 24 – William Christian Bullitt, Jr., the United States Ambassador to the Soviet Union, hosts the elaborately prepared Spring Ball of the Full Moon, which is said to have surpassed all other embassy parties in Moscow's history.
- April 27 – FA Cup (): Sheffield Wednesday F.C. beat West Bromwich Albion 4–2 at Wembley Stadium in England.
- April 29 – The first edition of the Vuelta a España is raced, and goes on to become one of the 3 Grand Tours of road bicycle racing.
- May 6 – New Deal: Executive Order 7034 creates the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in the United States.
- May 14 – Northamptonshire County Cricket Club gains (over Somerset at Taunton by 48 runs) what proves to be their last victory for 99 matches, easily a record in the County Championship. Their next Championship win is not until 29 May 1939.
- May 15 – Joseph Stalin opens the Moscow Metro to the public.
- May 19 – T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia") dies as the result of a motorcycle accident, in Dorset, England.
- May 21 – In Nazi Germany, Adolf Hitler announces the reintroduction of conscription to the Wehrmacht, in violation of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles.
- May 24 – The first nighttime Major League Baseball game is played between the Cincinnati Reds and Philadelphia Phillies, at Crosley Field in Cincinnati, Ohio.
- May 27 – Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States (the "Sick Chicken Case"): The Supreme Court of the United States declares that the National Industrial Recovery Act, a major component of the New Deal, is unconstitutional.
- May 29
- May 30 – Eventual Baseball Hall of Famer Babe Ruth appears in his last career game, playing for the Boston Braves in Philadelphia against the Phillies.
- May 31
- September 2 – 1935 Labor Day hurricane: The strongest hurricane ever to strike the United States landfalls in the Upper Florida Keys as a Category 5 storm with 185 mph winds, killing 423.
- September 3 – Sir Malcolm Campbell becomes the first person to drive an automobile at 300 miles per hour in Blue Bird, establishing a new absolute land speed record of 301.337 mph (484.955 km/h) on the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah.
- September 8 – Carl Weiss kills Huey Long, U.S. Senator from Louisiana, in the Louisiana Capitol Building in Baton Rouge.
- September 13 – Howard Hughes, flying the Hughes H-1 Racer, sets an airspeed record of 352 mph (566 km/h).
- September 15 – The Nuremberg Laws go into effect in Germany, removing citizenship from Jews.
- September 17 – Manuel L. Quezon is the 2nd President of the Philippines.
- September 24 – Earl W. Bascom and his brother Weldon produce the first night rodeo held outdoors under electric lights, at Columbia, Mississippi.
- September 29 – The London and North Eastern Railway's first A4 Class streamlined steam locomotive A4 2509 Silver Link makes her inaugural journey, from London King's Cross.
- September 30
- November 3 – A Greek monarchy referendum is held by self-proclaimed Regent Georgios Kondylis. Almost 98% of the votes favor restoration of the monarchy, although the referendum's integrity is dubious.
- November 8 – A dozen labor leaders come together to announce the creation of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), an organization charged with promoting the cause of industrial unionism in North America.
- November 14 – 1935 United Kingdom general election: Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin returns to office at the head of a National Government led by the Conservative Party, with a large but reduced majority.
- November 22 – The flying boat China Clipper takes off from Alameda, California, to deliver the first airmail cargo across the Pacific Ocean; on November 29 the aircraft reaches its final destination, Manila, and delivers over 110,000 pieces of mail.
- November 23 – Jacques and Thérèse Tréfouël, Daniel Bovet and Federico Nitti, in the laboratory of Ernest Fourneau at the Pasteur Institute in Paris, discover that sulfanilamide is the active component of Prontosil.
- November 25 – After 11 years in exile, George II returns to Greek soil as King of the Hellenes at Corfu, from London.
- November 30 – The 1935 British-made film Scrooge, the first all-talking film version of the Charles Dickens classic A Christmas Carol, opens in the U.S. after its British release.